Re: The (O)SOPHY of JESUS
May 11, 2006 05:25 AM
Most interesting book.
Data:Thu, 11 May 2006 08:48:14 -0000
Assunto:[Spam] Theos-World The (O)SOPHY of JESUS
> THE GNOSTIC SOCIETY LIBRARY
> The Nag Hammadi Library
> The Sophia of Jesus Christ
> Translated by Douglas M. Parrott
> The Sophia (Wisdom) of Jesus Christ.
> After he rose from the dead, his twelve disciples and seven women
> continued to be his followers, and went to Galilee onto the mountain
> called "Divination and Joy". When they gathered together and were
> perplexed about the underlying reality of the universe and the plan,
> and the holy providence, and the power of the authorities, and about
> everything the Savior is doing with them in the secret of the holy
> plan, the Savior appeared - not in his previous form, but in the
> invisible spirit. And his likeness resembles a great angel of light.
> But his resemblance I must not describe. No mortal flesh could
> endure it, but only pure, perfect flesh, like that which he taught
> us about on the mountain called "Of the Olives" in Galilee.
> And he said: "Peace be to you, My peace I give you!" And they all
> marveled and were afraid. The Savior laughed and said to them: "What
> are you thinking about? Are you perplexed? What are you searching
> Philip said: "For the underlying reality of the universe and the
> The Savior said to them: "I want you to know that all men are born
> on earth from the foundation of the world until now, being dust,
> while they have inquired about God, who he is and what he is like,
> have not found him. Now the wisest among them have speculated from
> the ordering of the world and (its) movement. But their speculation
> has not reached the truth. For it is said that the ordering is
> directed in three ways, by all the philosophers, (and) hence they do
> not agree. For some of them say about the world that it is directed
> by itself. Others, that it is providence (that directs it). Others,
> that it is fate. But it is none of these. Again, of the three voices
> I have just mentioned, none is close to the truth, and (they are)
> from man. But I, who came from Infinite Light, I am here - for I
> know him (Light) - that I might speak to you about the precise
> nature of the truth. For whatever is from itself is a polluted life;
> it is self-made. Providence has no wisdom in it. And fate does not
> discern. But to you it is given to know; and whoever is worthy of
> knowledge will receive (it), whoever has not been begotten by the
> sowing of unclean rubbing but by First Who Was Sent, for he is an
> immortal in the midst of mortal men."
> Matthew said to him: "Lord, no one can find the truth except through
> you. Therefore teach us the truth."
> The Savior said: "He Who Is is ineffable. No principle knew him, no
> authority, no subjection, nor any creature from the foundation of
> the world until now, except he alone, and anyone to whom he wants to
> make revelation through him who is from First Light. From now on, I
> am the Great Savior. For he is immortal and eternal. Now he is
> eternal, having no birth; for everyone who has birth will perish. He
> is unbegotten, having no beginning; for everyone who has a beginning
> has an end. Since no one rules over him, he has no name; for whoever
> has a name is the creation of another."
> (BG 84, 13-17 adds: He is unnameable. He has no human form; for
> whoever has human form is the creation of another).
> "And he has a semblance of his own - not like what you have seen and
> received, but a strange semblance that surpasses all things and is
> better than the universe. It looks to every side and sees itself
> from itself. Since it is infinite, he is ever incomprehensible. He
> is imperishable and has no likeness (to anything). He is unchanging
> good. He is faultless. He is eternal. He is blessed. While he is not
> known, he ever knows himself. He is immeasurable. He is untraceable.
> He is perfect, having no defect. He is imperishability blessed. He
> is called 'Father of the Universe'".
> Philip said: "Lord, how, then, did he appear to the perfect ones?"
> The perfect Savior said to him: "Before anything is visible of those
> that are visible, the majesty and the authority are in him, since he
> embraces the whole of the totalities, while nothing embraces him.
> For he is all mind. And he is thought and considering and reflecting
> and rationality and power. They all are equal powers. They are the
> sources of the totalities. And their whole race from first to last
> was in his foreknowledge, (that of) the infinite, unbegotten
> Thomas said to him: "Lord, Savior, why did these come to be, and why
> were these revealed?"
> The perfect Savior said: "I came from the Infinite that I might tell
> you all things. Spirit-Who-Is was the begetter, who had the power
> a begetter and a form-giver`s nature, that the great wealth
> that was hidden in him might be revealed. Because of his mercy and
> his love, he wished to bring forth fruit by himself, that he might
> not his goodness alone, but (that) other spirits of the
> Unwavering Generation might bring forth body and fruit, glory and
> honor, in imperishableness and his infinite grace, that his treasure
> might be revealed by Self-begotten God, the father of every
> imperishableness and those that came to be afterward. But they had
> not yet come to visibility. Now a great difference exists among the
> He called out, saying: "Whoever has ears to hear about the
> infinities, let him hear!"; and "I have addressed those who are
> awake." Still he continued and said: "Everything that came from the
> perishable will perish, since it came from the perishable. But
> whatever came from imperishableness does not perish but becomes
> imperishable. So, many men went astray because they had not known
> this difference and they died."
> Mary said to him: "Lord, then how will we know that?"
> The perfect Savior said: "Come (you) from invisible things to the
> end of those that are visible, and the very emanation of Thought
> will reveal to you how faith in those things that are not visible
> was found in those that are visible, those that belong to Unbegotten
> Father. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear!
> "The Lord of the Universe is not called 'Father', but 'Forefather',
> the beginning of those that will appear, but he (the Lord) is the
> beginningless Forefather. Seeing himself within himself in a mirror,
> he appeared resembling himself, but his likeness appeared as Divine
> Self-Father, and Confronter over the Confronted ones, First
> Existent Unbegotten Father. He is indeed of equal age the
> Light that is before him, but he is not equal to him in power.
> "And afterward was revealed a whole multitude of confronting, self-
> begotten ones, equal in age and power, being in glory (and) without
> number, whose race is called 'The Generation over Whom There Is No
> Kingdom' from the one in whom you yourselves have appeared from
> these men. And that whole multitude over which there is no kingdom
> is called 'Sons of Unbegotten Father, God, Savior, Son of God,'
> whose likeness is with you. Now he is the unknowable, who is full of
> ever-imperishable glory and ineffable joy. They all are at rest in
> him, ever rejoicing in ineffable joy in his unchanging glory and
> measureless jubilation; this was never heard or known among all the
> aeons and their worlds until now."
> Matthew said to him: "Lord, Savior, how was Man revealed?"
> The perfect Savior said: "I want you to know that he who appeared
> before the universe in infinity, Self-grown, Self-constructed
> Father, being full of shining light and ineffable, in the beginning,
> when he decided to have his likeness become a great power,
> immediately the principle (or beginning) of that Light appeared as
> Immortal Androgynous Man, that through that Immortal Androgynous Man
> they might attain their salvation and awake from forgetfulness
> through the interpreter who was sent, who is with you until the end
> of the poverty of the robbers.
> "And his consort is the Great Sophia, who from the first was
> destined in him for union by Self-begotten Father, from Immortal
> Man, who appeared as First and divinity and kingdom, for the Father,
> who is called 'Man, Self-Father', revealed this. And he created a
> great aeon, whose name is 'Ogdoad', for his own majesty.
> "He was given great authority, and he ruled over the creation of
> poverty. He created gods and angels, archangels, myriads
> without number for retinue, from that Light and the tri-male Spirit,
> which is that of Sophia, his consort. For from this, God originated
> divinity and kingdom. Therefore he was called 'God of gods'
> and 'King of kings'.
> "First Man has his unique mind, within, and thought - just as he is
> it (thought) - (and) considering, reflecting, rationality, power.
> All the attributes that exist are perfect and immortal. In respect
> to imperishableness, they are indeed equal. (But) in respect to
> power, they are different, like the difference between father and
> son <, and son> and thought, and the thought and the remainder. As I
> said earlier, among the things that were created, the monad is
> "And after everything, all that was revealed appeared from his
> power. And from what was created, all that was fashioned appeared;
> from what was fashioned appeared what was formed; from what was
> formed, what was named. Thus came the difference among the
> unbegotten ones from beginning to end."
> Then Bartholomew said to him: "How (is it that) was designated
> in the Gospel 'Man' and 'Son of Man'? To which of them, then, is
> this Son related?"
> The Holy One said to him: "I want you to know that First Man is
> called 'Begetter, Self-perfected Mind'. He reflected with Great
> Sophia, his consort, and revealed his first-begotten, androgynous
> son. His male name is designated 'First Begetter, Son of God', his
> female name, 'First Begettress Sophia, Mother of the Universe'. Some
> call her 'Love'. Now First-begotten is called 'Christ'. Since he has
> authority from his father, he created a multitude of angels without
> number for retinue from Spirit and Light."
> His disciples said to him: "Lord, reveal to us about the one
> called 'Man', that we also may know his glory exactly."
> The perfect Savior said: "Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.
> First Begetter Father is called 'Adam, Eye of Light,' because he
> came from shining Light, and his holy angels, who are ineffable
> (and) shadowless, ever rejoice with joy in their reflecting, which
> they received from their Father. The whole Kingdom of Son of Man,
> who is called 'Son of God,' is full of ineffable and shadowless joy,
> and unchanging jubilation, (they) rejoicing over his imperishable
> glory, which has never been heard until now, nor has it been
> revealed in the aeons that came afterward, and their worlds. I came
> from Self-begotten and First Infinite Light, that I might reveal
> everything to you."
> Again, his disciples said: "Tell us clearly how they came down from
> the invisibilities, from the immortal to the world that dies?"
> The perfect Savior said: "Son of Man consented with Sophia, his
> consort, and revealed a great androgynous light. His male name is
> designated 'Savior, Begetter of All Things'. His female name is
> designated 'All-Begettress Sophia'. Some call her 'Pistis'.
> "All who come into the world, like a drop from the Light, are sent
> by him to the world of Almighty, that they might be guarded by him.
> And the bond of his forgetfulness bound him by the will of Sophia,
> that the matter might be through it to the whole world in
> poverty, concerning his (Almighty's) arrogance and blindness and the
> ignorance that he was named. But I came from the places above by the
> will of the great Light, (I) who escaped from that bond; I have cut
> off the work of the robbers; I have awakened that drop that was sent
> from Sophia, that it might bear much fruit through me, and be
> perfected and not again be defective, but be through me,
> the Great Savior, that his glory might be revealed, so that Sophia
> might also be justified in regard to that defect, that her sons
> might not again become defective but might attain honor and glory
> and go up to their Father, and know the words of the masculine
> Light. And you were sent by the Son, who was sent that you might
> receive Light, and remove yourselves from the forgetfulness of the
> authorities, and that it might not again come to appearance because
> of you, namely, the unclean rubbing that is from the fearful fire
> that came from their fleshly part. Tread upon their malicious
> Then Thomas said to him: "Lord, Savior, how many are the aeons of
> those who surpass the heavens?"
> The perfect Savior said: "I praise you (pl.) because you ask about
> the great aeons, for your roots are in the infinities. Now when
> those whom I have discussed earlier were revealed, he provided ....
> [pages 109 and 110 are missing, replaced here by the corresponding
> section in the Berlin Gnostic Codex (no.8502), the beginning of
> which is somewhat different from the final partial sentence of III
> 108 (the broken off sentence)]
> [BG107]: "Now when those whom I have discussed earlier were
> revealed, Self-begetter Father very soon created twelve aeons for
> retinue for the twelve angels. All these are perfect and good. Thus
> the defect in the female appeared."
> And said to him: "How many are the aeons of the immortals,
> starting from the infinities?"
> The perfect Savior said: "Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.
> The first aeon is that of Son of Man, who is called 'First
> Begetter', who is called 'Savior', who has appeared. The second aeon
> (is) that of Man, who is called 'Adam, Eye of Light'. That which
> embraces these is the aeon over which there is no kingdom, (the
> aeon) of the Eternal Infinite God, the Self-begotten aeon of the
> aeons that are in it, (the aeon) of the immortals, whom I described
> earlier, (the aeon) above the Seventh, that appeared from Sophia,
> which is the first aeon.
> "Now Immortal Man revealed aeons and powers and kingdoms, and gave
> authority to all who appear in him, that they might exercise their
> desires until the last things that are above chaos. For these
> consented with each other and revealed every magnificence, even from
> spirit, multitudinous lights that are glorious and without number.
> These were called in the beginning, that is, the first aeon and
> second> and . The first called 'Unity and Rest'.
> Each one has its (own) name; for the aeon was
> designated 'Assembly' from the great multitude that appeared: in
> one, a multitude revealed themselves. Now because the multitudes
> gather and come to a unity we call them 'Assembly of the Eighth.'It
> appeared as androgynous and was name partly as male and partly as
> female. The male is called 'Assembly', while the female is
> called 'Life', that it might be shown that from a female came the
> life for all the aeons. And every name was received, starting from
> the beginning.
> "For from his concurrence with his thought, the powers very soon
> appeared who were called 'gods'; and the gods of the gods from their
> wisdom revealed gods; from their wisdom revealed
> lords; and the lords of the lords from their thinkings revealed
> lords; and the lords from their power revealed archangels; the
> archangels from their words revealed angels; from them, semblances
> appeared, with structure and form and name for all the aeons and
> their worlds.
> "And the immortals, whom I have just described, all have authority
> from Immortal Man, who is called 'Silence', because by reflecting
> without speech all her own majesty was perfected. For since the
> imperishabilities had the authority, each created a great kingdom in
> the Eighth, (and) also thrones and temples (and) firmaments for
> their own majesties. For these all came by the will of the Mother of
> the Universe."
> Then the Holy Apostles said to him: "Lord, Savior, tell us about
> those who are in the aeons, since it is necessary for us to ask
> about them."
> The perfect Savior said: "If you ask about anything, I will tell
> you. They created hosts of angels, myriads without number, for
> retinue and their glory. They created virgin spirits, the ineffable
> and unchangeable lights. For they have no sickness nor weakness, but
> it is will. [BG 115,14 adds here: And they came to be in an
> "Thus the aeons were completed quickly in the heavens and the
> firmaments in the glory of Immortal Man and Sophia, his consort: the
> area from which every aeon and the world and those that came
> afterward took (their) pattern for their creation of likenesses in
> the heavens of chaos and their worlds. And all natures, starting
> from the revelation of chaos, are in the Light that shines without
> shadow, and joy that cannot be described, and unutterable
> jubilation. They ever delight themselves on account of their
> unchanging glory and the immeasurable rest, which cannot be
> described among all the aeons that came to be afterward, and all
> their powers. Now all that I have just said to you, I said that you
> might shine in Light more than these."
> Mary said to him: "Holy Lord, where did your disciples come from,
> and where are they going, and (what) should they do here?"
> The Perfect Savior said to them: "I want you to know that Sophia,
> the Mother of the Universe and the consort, desired by herself to
> bring these to existence without her male (consort). But by the will
> of the Father of the Universe, that his unimaginable goodness might
> be revealed, he created that curtain between the immortals and those
> that came afterward, that the consequence might follow ... [BG
> 118:] ... every aeon and chaos - that the defect of the female might
> , and it might come about that Error would contend with her.
> And these became the curtain of spirit. From aeons above the
> emanations of Light, as I have said already, a drop from Light and
> Spirit came down to the lower regions of Almighty in chaos, that
> their molded forms might appear from that drop, for it is a judgment
> on him, Arch-Begetter, who is called 'Yaldabaoth'. That drop
> revealed their molded forms through the breath, as a living soul. It
> was withered and it slumbered in the ignorance of the soul. When it
> became hot from the breath of the Great Light of the Male, and it
> took thought, (then) names were received by all who are in the world
> of chaos, and all things that are in it through that Immortal One,
> when the breath blew into him. But when this came about by the will
> of Mother Sophia - so that Immortal Man might piece together the
> garments there for a judgment on the robbers - then welcomed
> the blowing of that breath; but since he was soul-like, he was not
> able to take that power for himself until the number of chaos should
> be complete, (that is,) when the time determined by the great angel
> is complete.
> "Now I have taught you about Immortal Man and have loosed the bonds
> of the robbers from him. I have broken the gates of the pitiless
> ones in their presence. I have humiliated their malicious intent,
> and they all have been shamed and have risen from their ignorance.
> Because of this, then, I came here, that they might be joined with
> that Spirit and Breath, [III continues:] and might from two become
> one, just as from the first, that you might yield much fruit and go
> up to Him Who Is from the Beginning, in ineffable joy and glory and
> honor and grace of the Father of the Universe.
> "Whoever, then, knows the Father in pure knowledge will depart to
> the Father and repose in Unbegotten Father. But whoever knows him
> defectively will depart to the defect and the rest of the Eighth.
> Now whoever knows Immortal Spirit of Light in silence, through
> reflecting and consent in the truth, let him bring me signs of the
> Invisible One, and he will become a light in the Spirit of Silence.
> Whoever knows Son of Man in knowledge and love, let him bring me a
> sign of Son of Man, that he might depart to the dwelling-places with
> those in the Eighth.
> "Behold, I have revealed to you the name of the Perfect One, the
> whole will of the Mother of the Holy Angels, that the masculine
> multitude may be completed here, that there might appear in the
> aeons, the infinities and those that came to be in the untraceable
> wealth of the Great Invisible Spirit, that they all might take from
> his goodness, even the wealth of their rest that has no kingdom over
> it. I came from First Who Was Sent, that I might reveal to you Him
> Who Is from the Beginning, because of the arrogance of Arch-Begetter
> and his angels, since they say about themselves that they are gods.
> And I came to remove them from their blindness, that I might tell
> everyone about the God who is above the universe. Therefore, tread
> upon their graves, humiliate their malicious intent, and break their
> yoke and arouse my own. I have given you authority over all things
> as Sons of Light, that you might tread upon their power with your
> These are the things the blessed Savior said, and he disappeared
> from them. Then all the disciples were in great, ineffable joy in
> the spirit from that day on. And his disciples began to preach the
> Gospel of God, the eternal, imperishable Spirit. Amen.
> The Sophia of Jesus
> Selection made from James M. Robinson, ed., The Nag Hammadi Library,
> revised edition. HarperCollins, San Francisco, 1990
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